Knee Pain Treatment Performed by Award Winning Doctors in Scottsdale, Gilbert, Glendale, and Chandler, Arizona
Knee pain is a common condition in which various structures that comprise the knee joint may be affected. The knee is described as the largest and most complex joint in the body as it consists of different bones, ligaments, muscles, and tendons as well as cartilage that provides a protective covering for the knee joint. There are four bones in the knee, which are the femur, tibia, fibula, and patella. These bones are connected to each other through ligaments such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), which prevents the femur from slipping backward onto the tibia; the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), which prevents the femur from slipping forward onto the tibia; and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments, which prevent the femur from moving sideways.
Causes of Knee Pain
Knee pain is most often the result of an injury such as blunt trauma, sprained or strained ligaments and tendons, falling on the knees, bending the knees improperly, or twisting the knees in an abnormal manner. A torn meniscus, for instance, is a common knee joint injury that occurs from an unusually forceful twist or rotation of the knee joint. Various activities such as sports, recreation, or strenuous jobs often lead to knee problems as well.
More serious injuries such as a broken or fractured knee cap, femur, tibia, or fibula often occur from falling, improper twisting motions, or blunt trauma. These types of injuries may also cause nerve or blood vessel damage that can lead to numbness in the knee. Kneecap dislocation is another serious injury that causes severe knee pain. Pieces of tissue or bone, which may become dislodged due to this particular injury, can become stuck in the knee joint and cause mobility problems. Furthermore, dislocation is one of the most serious knee injuries and requires immediate medical attention.
Treatment for Knee Pain
Treatment for knee pain may include home treatments such as applying cold packs, resting, and using a brace; the use of over-the-counter or prescription medication; physical therapy; and surgery in some cases. However, the type of treatment that should be utilized depends on the type, severity, and location of the injury that is causing the knee pain as well as factors such as age, activity level (e.g., work schedule, sports, or hobbies), and health status.
The primary goal for the treatment of knee pain involves reducing or alleviating persistent pain and improving joint function. If the knee pain is mild to moderate and has not been caused by a serious injury such as a fracture, dislocation, or infection, home treatments may help relieve pain and improve additional symptoms such as swelling and stiffness.